sanitation in slums

Essential cholera prevention & control tips

Cholera has hit Nairobi and it is upon every person to ensure that he or she does not contract the deadly disease. These few tips will keep you, your family and friends safe until the situation is under control:

What is cholera disease?

• Cholera disease causes a lot of watery diarrhea and vomiting.

Cholera diarrhea can look like cloudy rice water.

Cholera can cause death from dehydration (the loss of water and salts from the body) within hours if not treated.

How is cholera spread?

• Cholera germs are found in the feces (poop) of infected people.

Cholera is spread when feces (poop) from an infected person gets into the water people drink or the food people eat.

Cholera is not likely to spread directly from one person to another.

Protect yourself and your family from cholera and other diarrheal diseases:

• Drink and use safe water.

Safe water is water that is bottled with an unbroken seal, has been boiled, or has been treated with a chlorine product.
Wash hands often with soap and safe water. If no soap is available, scrub hands often with ash or sand and rinse with safe water.

Use latrines or bury your feces (poop), do not defecate in any body of water. Cook food well (especially seafood), eat it hot, keep it covered, and peel fruits and vegetables.

Clean up safely—in the kitchen and in places where your family bathes and washes clothes.

What to do if you or your family are ill with diarrhea:

• If you have oral rehydration solution (ORS), start taking it now; it can save your life. Go immediately to the nearest health facility. Continue to drink ORS at home and while you travel to get treatment.

Continue to breastfeed your baby if they have watery diarrhea, even when traveling to get treatment.

Cholera can cause death from dehydration (the loss of water and salts from the body) within hours if not treated.

Protect Yourself from Cholera:

1) Drink and use safe water. • Bottled water with unbroken seals and canned/bottled carbonated beverages are safe to drink and use. Use safe water to brush your teeth, wash and prepare food, and to make ice.

Clean food preparation areas and kitchenware with soap and safe water and let dry completely before reuse.

To be sure water is safe to drink and use:

• Boil it or treat it with a chlorine product or household bleach. If boiling, bring your water to a complete boil for at least 1 minute. To treat your water with chlorine, use one of the locally available treatment products, such as waterguard and follow the instructions. If a chlorine treatment product is not available, you can treat your water with household bleach. Add 8 drops of household bleach for every 1 gallon of water (or 2 drops of household bleach for every 1 liter of water) and wait 30 minutes before drinking.

Always store your treated water in a clean, covered container.  Piped water sources, drinks sold in cups or bags, or ice may not be safe and should be boiled or treated with chlorine.

2) Wash your hands often with soap and safe water.* • Before you eat or prepare food. Before feeding your children. After using the latrine or toilet. After cleaning your child’s bottom. After taking care of someone ill with diarrhea. * If no soap is available, scrub hands often with ash or sand and rinse with safe water.

3) Use latrines or bury your feces (poop);

do not defecate in any body of water. • Use latrines or other sanitation systems, like chemical toilets, to dispose of feces. Wash hands with soap and safe water after defecating. Clean latrines and surfaces contaminated with feces using a solution of 1 part household bleach to 9 parts water.

What if I don’t have a latrine or chemical toilet?

• Defecate at least 30 meters (98 feet) away from any body of water and then bury your feces. Dispose of plastic bags containing feces in latrines, at collection points if available, or bury it in the ground. Do not put plastic bags in chemical toilets. Dig new latrines or temporary pit toilets at least a half-meter (1.6 feet) deep and at least 30 meters (98 feet) away from any body of water.

4) Cook food well, keep it covered, eat it hot, and peel fruits and vegetables.* • Boil it, Cook it, Peel it, or Leave it. Be sure to cook seafood, especially shellfish, until it is very hot all the way through. * Avoid raw foods other than fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself.

5) Clean up safely— in the kitchen and in places where the family bathes and washes clothes. • Wash yourself, your children, diapers, and clothes, 30 meters (98 feet) away from drinking water sources.

 

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